Assessment of the risk of antiangiogenic agents before and after surgery

Christina E. Bailey, Alexander A. Parikh

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Angiogenesis plays a critical role in the growth, progression, and metastasis of numerous solid tumor types, and thus, antiangiogenic agents have been studied for many years as potential therapeutic agents. Many different antiangiogenic agents, including monoclonal antibodies and multi-targeted tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs), have been approved for various oncology indications, and promising clinical activity has been demonstrated. However, some of these agents have also been associated with serious safety concerns. Because angiogenesis is an important step in the wound healing process, agents targeting the angiogenesis pathway may interfere with wound healing, thus increasing the risk of surgical wound complications, such as dehiscence, surgical site bleeding, and wound infection. Nevertheless, antiangiogenic agents can be safely used in the perioperative setting if oncologists and surgeons are educated on the biology and pharmacokinetics of these agents. This review discusses the available published literature regarding surgical complications associated with the use of antiangiogenic agents and provides updated clinical recommendations on the optimal timing between surgery and antiangiogenic therapy. Due to the paucity of data surrounding this topic, current and future clinical trials need to evaluate prospectively the potential risks for surgical complications associated with antiangiogenic therapies to establish specific guidelines for their safe and effective use within the surgical oncology community.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)38-46
Number of pages9
JournalCancer Treatment Reviews
StatePublished - Jul 2018
Externally publishedYes


  • Angiogenesis
  • Antiangiogenic therapy
  • Bleeding
  • Dehiscence
  • Surgical complications
  • Wound healing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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