Assessing the potential of angiotensin II type 1 receptor and donor specific anti-endothelial cell antibodies to predict long-term kidney graft outcome

David F. Pinelli, John J. Friedewald, Kelley M.K. Haarberg, Shree L. Radhakrishnan, Jennifer R. Zitzner, Wendy E. Hanshew, Anat R. Tambur

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Endothelial cell antigens have been reported as potential targets for antibodies in the context of organ transplantation, leading to increased risk for graft failure. Serum samples from 142 consecutive living donor kidney recipients were tested for the presence of antibodies to angiotensin II – type 1 receptor (AT1R), donor endothelial cells, and donor HLA. Graft survival was monitored for five years post-transplant, and secondary outcomes, including biopsy-proven rejection, proteinuria, biopsy-proven vasculopathy, and renal function based on serum creatinine were also assessed for the first two to three years. AT1R antibody levels were positive (>17 U/mL) in 11.3%, 18.8% and 8.1% of patients pre-transplant, post-transplant and at time of indication biopsy, respectively. XM-ONE assay was positive in 17.6% of patients pre-transplant (7 IgG+; 15 IgM+; 3 IgG+/IgM+). Overall, 4 patients experienced antibody-mediated rejection (AMR), 31 borderline cellular rejection (BCR), 19 cellular rejection (CR) and 3 mixed AMR and CR within the first 24 months. While pre-existing and de novo donor-specific HLA antibodies were associated with graft failure and many secondary outcomes, no statistical association was found for either anti-endothelial or anti-AT1R antibodies, indicating that these tests may not be the best predictors of graft outcome in living donor renal transplantation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)421-427
Number of pages7
JournalHuman Immunology
Volume78
Issue number5-6
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Antibodies
  • Endothelial cells
  • HLA
  • Transplant

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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