Assessing the 16 hour intern shift limit: Results of a multi-center, mixed-methods study of residents and faculty in general surgery

James E. Coverdill, Adnan Alseidi, David C. Borgstrom, Daniel L Dent, Russell Dumire, Jonathan Fryer, Thomas H. Hartranft, Steven B. Holsten, M. Timothy Nelson, Mohsen M. Shabahang, Stanley R. Sherman, Paula M. Termuhlen, Randy J. Woods, John D. Mellinger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: The study explores how residents and faculty assess the ACGME's 16-h limit on intern shifts. Methods: Questionnaire response rates were 76% for residents (N = 291) and 71% for faculty (N = 279) in 13 general surgery residency programs. Results include means, percentage in agreement, and statistical tests for 15 questionnaire items. Semi-structured interviews conducted with 39 residents and 43 faculty were analyzed for main themes. Results: Few view the intern shift limit as a positive change. Views differ (P < 0.01) for residents and faculty on 12 of 15 item means and across PGY levels on all 15 items. Interviews indicate concerns about losses with respect to education and professional development, difficulties when interns transition to their second year, and how intern shifts may be more fatiguing than expected. Conclusions: The 16-h limit on intern shifts has remained a source of concern and an educational challenge for residents and faculty. Summary: The study documents little support among residents and faculty in general surgery for the ACGME's 2011 16-h limit on intern shifts. Potential advantages - less fatigue, enhanced patient safety, and intern quality of life - are thought to be largely unrealized and offset by educational losses and new challenges for interns and second-year residents.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAmerican Journal of Surgery
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2017

Fingerprint

Interviews
Professional Education
Patient Safety
Internship and Residency
Fatigue
Quality of Life
Surveys and Questionnaires

Keywords

  • General surgery residents
  • Intern duty hour limitation
  • Professionalism
  • Resident duty hour restrictions
  • Resident education

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

Cite this

Assessing the 16 hour intern shift limit : Results of a multi-center, mixed-methods study of residents and faculty in general surgery. / Coverdill, James E.; Alseidi, Adnan; Borgstrom, David C.; Dent, Daniel L; Dumire, Russell; Fryer, Jonathan; Hartranft, Thomas H.; Holsten, Steven B.; Nelson, M. Timothy; Shabahang, Mohsen M.; Sherman, Stanley R.; Termuhlen, Paula M.; Woods, Randy J.; Mellinger, John D.

In: American Journal of Surgery, 2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Coverdill, JE, Alseidi, A, Borgstrom, DC, Dent, DL, Dumire, R, Fryer, J, Hartranft, TH, Holsten, SB, Nelson, MT, Shabahang, MM, Sherman, SR, Termuhlen, PM, Woods, RJ & Mellinger, JD 2017, 'Assessing the 16 hour intern shift limit: Results of a multi-center, mixed-methods study of residents and faculty in general surgery', American Journal of Surgery. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amjsurg.2017.08.053
Coverdill, James E. ; Alseidi, Adnan ; Borgstrom, David C. ; Dent, Daniel L ; Dumire, Russell ; Fryer, Jonathan ; Hartranft, Thomas H. ; Holsten, Steven B. ; Nelson, M. Timothy ; Shabahang, Mohsen M. ; Sherman, Stanley R. ; Termuhlen, Paula M. ; Woods, Randy J. ; Mellinger, John D. / Assessing the 16 hour intern shift limit : Results of a multi-center, mixed-methods study of residents and faculty in general surgery. In: American Journal of Surgery. 2017.
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