Ascertaining Nonfatal Endpoints in Clinical Trials: Central Adjudication Versus Patient Insurance Claims

Eric L. Eisenstein, Meredith N. Zozus, Sharon F. Terry, Linda Davidson-Ray, Kevin J. Anstrom

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: The 21st Century Cures Act allows the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to utilize real-world data (RWD) to create real-world evidence (RWE) for new indications or post approval study requirements. We compared central adjudication with two insurance claims data sources to understand how endpoint accuracy differences impact RWE results. Methods: We developed a decision analytic model to compare differences in efficacy (all-cause death, stroke and myocardial infarction) and safety (bleeding requiring transfusion) results for a simulated acute coronary syndrome antiplatelet therapy clinical trial. Endpoint accuracy metrics were derived from previous studies that compared centrally-adjudicated and insurance claims-based clinical trial endpoints. Results: Efficacy endpoint results per 100 patients were similar for the central adjudication model (intervention event rate, 11.3; control, 13.7; difference, 2.4) and the prospective claims data collection model (intervention event rate, 11.2; control 13.6; difference, 2.3). However, the retrospective claims linking model’s efficacy results were larger (intervention event rate, 14.6; control, 18.0; difference, 3.4). True positive event rate results (intervention, control and difference) for both insurance claims-based models were less than the central adjudication model due to false negative events. Differences in false positive event rates were responsible for differences in efficacy results for the two insurance claims-based models. Conclusion: Efficacy endpoint results differed by data source. Investigators need guidance to determine which data sources produce regulatory-grade RWE.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1250-1257
Number of pages8
JournalTherapeutic Innovation and Regulatory Science
Volume55
Issue number6
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2021

Keywords

  • Administrative claims
  • Data collection
  • Data quality
  • Measurement accuracy
  • Real world data
  • Real world evidence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics (miscellaneous)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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