Arsenic trioxide induces p53-dependent apoptotic signals in myeloma cells with SiRNA-silenced p53: MAP kinase pathway is preferentially activated in cells expressing inactivated p53

Fatih Kircelli, Cagla Akay, Yair Gazitt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Scopus citations

Abstract

Mutations in p53 are the most common genetic abnormality in cancers. Arsenic trioxide (ATO) is an effective chemotherapeutic agent for the treatment of acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) and is being tested in phase II studies in various types of cancers. We have shown that ATO is a potent inducer of apoptosis in multiple myeloma cells, engaging primarily the intrinsic apoptotic pathway in cells expressing w.t. p53 and the extrinsic apoptotic pathway in cells expressing mutant p53. To further establish the differential apoptotic signals of ATO in relation to p53 functional status we studied the activation of the intrinsic and the extrinsic apoptotic pathways in IM9 myeloma cells expressing w.t. p53 following silencing of p53 and p21 with the corresponding SiRNAs-GFP constructs. In untransfected cells or in cells transfected with GFP-empty vector construct we observed weak apoptosis concomitant with mild depolarization of mitochondrial membrane, depletion of reduced glutathione and release of cytochrome c. Following silencing of p53 or p21 we observed extensive apoptosis concomitant with extensive depolarization of mitochondrial membrane and depletion of reduced glutathione. We also observed in these cells activation of the extrinsic apoptotic pathway through upregulation of APO2/TRAIL and APO2/TRAIL-R2, activation of caspase 8, degradation of FLIP-L and release of apoptosis inducing factors from mitochondria, instead of cytochrome c. In addition, we observed marked activation of the MAP kinase pathway and dephosphorylation of Akt in p53 or p21 silenced cells. Hence, silencing of p53 or p21 in IM9 myeloma cells results in diversion of apoptosis to the extrinsic pathway and sensitization of myeloma cells to ATO.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)993-1001
Number of pages9
JournalInternational journal of oncology
Volume30
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2007

Keywords

  • Apoptosis
  • Arsenic trioxide
  • SiRNA-p53

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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