ArHsp22, a developmentally regulated small heat shock protein produced in diapause-destined Artemia embryos, is stress inducible in adults

Zhijun Qiu, Thomas H. MacRae

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

49 Scopus citations

Abstract

Diapause embryos of the crustacean Artemia franciscana exhibit extreme stress tolerance, a property thought to involve molecular chaperones known as small heat shock proteins. To further explore this idea, the structure, function and synthesis of ArHsp22, an Artemia small heat shock protein, were characterized. ArHsp22 contains amino-terminal WXDPF motifs, an α-crystallin domain with a highly conserved arginine, and a car-boxy-terminal I ? VXI ? V motif, all typical of small heat shock proteins. ArHsp22 formed large oligomers and exhibited molecular chaperone activity in vitro, protecting citrate synthase and insulin from denaturation. Quantitative PCR and immunoprobing of western blots revealed that ArHsp22 synthesis is restricted to diapause-destined Artemia embryos and that the protein is degraded during post-diapause development. ArHsp22 was observed in cyst nuclei, a location shared by p26 but not ArHsp21, which are two other diapause-specific Artemia small heat shock proteins. ArHsp22 production was enhanced by thermal stress, but only in adults, thus representing the first crustacean small heat shock protein whose synthesis is known to be both developmentally regulated and stress inducible. The results demonstrate that expression of the gene for ArHsp22 is modulated by multiple cues that vary with life history stage. Such findings are of importance in understanding diapause maintenance in Artemia embryos and the survival of adult animals experiencing environmental insult.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3556-3566
Number of pages11
JournalFEBS Journal
Volume275
Issue number14
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2008
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Artemia franciscana
  • Diapause
  • Molecular chaperone
  • Small heat shock protein
  • Stress tolerance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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