Aptitude-related differences in auditory recognition masking

Naftali Raz, Lee Willerman, Paul Ingmundson, Michael Hanlon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

32 Scopus citations

Abstract

An auditory backward recognition masking task (Massaro, 1970) was administered to undergraduates selected for extreme scores on the Scholastic Aptitude Test and the Cattell Culture Fair Intelligence Test. In two experiments, significant group differences were found in threshold interstimulus intervals (ISIs) required for 75% correct tone recognition. High-aptitude subjects required less time for correct identification of target tones as "high" or "low". They were more able to overcome the constraints imposed on time-dependent information processing by a masking tone. These group differences were interpreted as indicating better information processing efficiency (h (higher signal-to-noise ratio) in the high-aptitude subjects.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)71-90
Number of pages20
JournalIntelligence
Volume7
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1983
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)

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