Applications of tissue heterogeneity corrections and biologically effective dose volume histograms in assessing the doses for accelerated partial breast irradiation using an electronic brachytherapy source

Chengyu Shi, Bingqi Guo, Chih Yao Cheng, Tony Eng, Nikos Papanikolaou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

A low-energy electronic brachytherapy source EBS), the model S700 Axxent x-ray device developed by Xoft Inc., has been used in high dose rate HDR) intracavitary accelerated partial breast irradiation APBI) as an alternative to an Ir-192 source. The prescription dose and delivery schema of the electronic brachytherapy APBI plan are the same as the Ir-192 plan. However, due to its lower mean energy than the Ir-192 source, an EBS plan has dosimetric and biological features different from an Ir-192 source plan. Current brachytherapy treatment planning methods may have large errors in treatment outcome prediction for an EBS plan. Two main factors contribute to the errors: the dosimetric influence of tissue heterogeneities and the enhancement of relative biological effectiveness RBE) of electronic brachytherapy. This study quantified the effects of these two factors and revisited the plan quality of electronic brachytherapy APBI. The influence of tissue heterogeneities is studied by a Monte Carlo method and heterogeneous 'virtual patient' phantoms created from CT images and structure contours; the effect of RBE enhancement in the treatment outcome was estimated by biologically effective dose BED) distribution. Ten electronic brachytherapy APBI cases were studied. The results showed that, for electronic brachytherapy cases, tissue heterogeneities and patient boundary effect decreased dose to the target and skin but increased dose to the bones. On average, the target dose coverage PTV V100 reduced from 95.0% in water phantoms planned) to only 66.7% in virtual patient phantoms actual). The actual maximum dose to the ribs is 3.3 times higher than the

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5283-5297
Number of pages15
JournalPhysics in Medicine and Biology
Volume55
Issue number18
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 21 2010

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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