Apparatus for the electrical characterisation of conductive fluids

Barrie C. Blake-Coleman, Anna Ulrich, Paul F. Fitzpatrick, Michael R. Calder, David J. Clarke

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Non-invasive and fully automated conductimetric measurements of electrolyte and bacterial samples were achieved in a closed volume test cell, comprising a magnetic field coil and detector. By monitoring field induced currents in sample electrolytes the magnitude of the sample current was shown to vary as the inverse of the sample impedance. The impedance characteristic was shown to be that of an LCR resonant circuit. This characteristic is primarily a function of the applied frequency and the solution/cell properties being dependent on the solution conductivity and dielectric permittivity at any given concentration. Small changes in sample dielectric permittivity in the presence of a large background conductivity are shown to be significant. The apparatus described can provide fixed or swept frequency conductivity measurements in the range 1 kHz to 2.25 MHz with a lower conductivity sensitivity of 0.9 × 10-3 Scm-1. Bulk impedimetric characteristics of cell suspensions are derived by a two stage measurement.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)87-108
Number of pages22
JournalBiosensors
Volume4
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1989

Keywords

  • bacterial impedance monitoring
  • conductivity
  • electrolyte conductivity
  • impedance monitoring
  • non-invasive impediometry.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Chemical Engineering(all)

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