Apolipoprotein E, Alcohol Consumption, and Risk of Ischemic Stroke: The Framingham Heart Study Revisited

Luc Djoussé, Jayandra J. Himali, Alexa Beiser, Margaret Kelly-Hayes, Philip A. Wolf

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Data on the association between alcohol consumption and ischemic stroke have been inconsistent. It is not known whether allele ε4 of the apolipoprotein E (apoE) gene modifies the alcohol-stroke association. We sought to examine whether ε4 allele of the apoE gene influences the association between alcohol consumption and ischemic stroke or high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol. Methods: We examined a cohort of 7676 person-observations of the Framingham Heart Study. Incident stroke was ascertained by standardized methods. We used Cox proportional hazard model to estimate hazard ratios of ischemic stroke. Results: The average age at baseline was 63 years and 55% of the participants were women. During a mean follow-up of 7.4 years, 222 new cases of ischemic stroke occurred (56 embolic and 166 atherothrombotic events). Comparing current drinkers with nondrinkers, multivariable adjusted hazard ratio (95% confidence interval) for ischemic stroke was 0.50 (0.24-1.07) in the absence of ε4 allele and 0.70 (0.24-2.05) in the presence of ε4 allele (P for interaction = .64) for those younger than 65 years. Similarly, we did not observe a statistically significant interaction between ε4 allele and alcohol consumption on the risk of stroke among people aged 65 years and older (P for interaction = .17). Alcohol consumption was positively associated with HDL cholesterol independent of ε4 allele and age. Conclusions: Our data do not provide evidence for an interaction between ε4 allele and alcohol consumption on the risk of ischemic stroke in this population. Furthermore, apoE polymorphism did not influence the alcohol-HDL relation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)384-388
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases
Volume18
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2009
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Alcohol drinking
  • apolipoprotein E gene
  • ischemic stroke
  • lipids

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Rehabilitation
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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