We investigated the effects of apolipoprotein (apo) B signal peptide length polymorphisms on low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), apo B, and post-challenge (2 h) glucose levels in 686 Mexican Americans from 34 families. The most common allele encoded an apo B signal peptide of 27 amino acids (ins; SP-27), the next most frequent allele encoded a 24 amino acid signal peptide (del; SP-24), and the rarest allele encoded a 29 amino acid signal peptide (ins*; SP-29) that has been found only in Mexican Americans. Homozygotes for the SP-24 allele had significantly higher mean levels of apo B, LDL-C, and 2-h glucose than SP-27 homozygotes, and SP-27/SP-24 heterozygotes had intermediate levels (P = 0.01 for apo B, P < 0.001 for LDL-C, and P = 0.04 for 2-h glucose). Heterozygotes for the SP-29 allele had higher apo B and LDL-C levels compared to homozygotes for the SP-27 or SP-24 alleles. Apo B signal peptide length polymorphism accounted for 4.2%, 3.5%, and 3.0% of the residual variation in LDL-C, apo B, and 2-h glucose levels, respectively, among the Mexican American families.
- Apolipoprotein B
- Mexican Americans
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine