The antigenic composition of an alkali-soluble, water-soluble cell wall extract of Coccidioides immitis, designated C-ASWS, was assessed by two-dimensional immunoelectrophoresis against goat antisera to C-ASWS and coccidioidin. The results established that C-ASWS from mycelia or spherule cell walls is heterogeneous in composition, containing two distinct antigenic components. One is present as a polymer that is antigenically identical to a polymeric antigen in coccidioidin, designated antigen 2. The other component detected in C-ASWS presented an unusual precipitin pattern in that a cathodal leg was demonstrable in the absence of an anodal leg. This incomplete precipitinogen was also detected in coccidioidin. In addition to the finding that C-ASWS is antigenically heterogeneous, the results provide evidence that the conformational and/or configurational structure of the C-ASWS antigen 2 (or antigen 2-like polymer) is altered during physicochemical extraction. This conclusion is based upon the finding that the immunoelectrophoretic profile of the C-ASWS polymer differs from that of coccidioidin antigen 2. The C-ASWS polymer is characterized by having a small cathodal precipitin peak connected to a large anodal peak, whereas coccidioidin antigen 2 is characterized by a predominant cathodal peak.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Infectious Diseases