Antibiofilm activity of an EDTA-containing nanoemulsion on multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii

Karthikeyan Ramalingam, Valerie A. Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Acinetobacter baumannii have evolved as an exceedingly troublesome pathogenic microorganisms and prevention and controlling this pathogen is considered to be a public health problem. Nanoemulsions (NE) are a distinctive type of decontaminator produced by integration of immiscible oil phase with aqueous phase under extreme shear forces. The effectiveness of NEs and their components was determined against four stains of A. baumannii by MBC, adherence assay, biofilm assay and SEM studies. NE dilutions ranging from 125 to 225 reduced adhesion by from 61.8 to 99.9% in NE-treated groups (p<.05) as determined by MBC. Four-day-old A. baumannii biofilms were treated with NE; LIVE/DEAD staining showed dead cell intensity of 56.2–92.0% in NE-treated groups. After NE treatment and observation by SEM, cell surfaces appeared to be remarkably disintegrated. Irregular boundaries were observed and margins of cell walls were unclear. The anti-adherence, anti-biofilm and morphological disruption effects of NE suggest that this material could be useful for the development of promising antimicrobial agents.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)737-743
Number of pages7
JournalArtificial Cells, Nanomedicine and Biotechnology
Volume46
Issue numbersup2
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 5 2018

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Keywords

  • Acinetobacter baumannii
  • Biofilm
  • EDTA
  • antimicrobial agents
  • nanoemulsion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Pharmaceutical Science

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