Antiatherogenic effect of Caps HT2, a herbal Ayurvedic medicine formulation

N. K. Mary, B. H. Babu, J. Padikkala

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

62 Scopus citations

Abstract

The antiatherogenic effect of a herbal formulation, Caps HT2, was evaluated as antioxidant, anticoagulant, platelet antiaggregatory, lipoprotein lipase releasing, anti-inflammatory and hypolipidaemic activity in rats. The formulation contained the methanolic extracts of selected parts of plants, Commiphora mukul, Allium sativum, Plumbago indica, Semecarpus anacardium, Hemidesmus indicus, Terminalia arjuna, Tinospora cordifolia, Withania somnifera and Ocimum sanctum. The formulation, Caps HT2 was found to scavenge superoxide and hydroxyl radicals; the IC50 required being 55.0 and 610.0 μg/ml respectively. The lipid peroxidation was found inhibited (50%) by 48.5 μg/ml of Caps HT2. The intravenous administration of the formulation (5 mg/kg) delayed the plasma recalcification time in rabbits and enhanced the release of lipoprotein lipase enzyme significantly (p < 0.001). The formulation also inhibited ADP induced platelet aggregation in vitro, which was comparable to commercial heparin. The anti-inflammatory action of the formulation was significant (p < 0.001) with acute and chronic inflammations induced by carrageenan and formalin respectively in rats. The hypolipidaemic effect of Caps HT2 was significant (p < 0.001) with the administration of the formulation, in diet-induced hyperlipidaemia of rats for a period of 30 days. Oral administration of the formulation, Caps HT2 (100, 200, 300 and 400 mg/kg) significantly raised HDL cholesterol levels. The atherogenic index and the reduction in body weight were significant indicating the effectiveness against hyperlipidaemia and obesity. All these results revealed the therapeutic potential of Caps HT2 against vascular intimal damage and atherogenesis leading to various types of cardiovascular problems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)474-482
Number of pages9
JournalPhytomedicine
Volume10
Issue number6-7
DOIs
StatePublished - 2003
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Allium sativum
  • Anti-inflammatory
  • Antiatherogenic
  • Anticoagulant
  • Antioxidant
  • Commiphora mukul
  • Hemidesmus indicus
  • Hypolipidemic
  • Lipoprotein lipase
  • Platelet antiaggregation
  • Plumbago indica
  • Semecarpus anacardium
  • Terminalia arjuna
  • Tinospora cordifolia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Drug Discovery
  • Complementary and alternative medicine

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