Antibodies to the small nucleoprotein Sm occur spontaneously in human and murine systemic lupus erythematosus. Human and mouse monoclonal anti-Sm autoantibodies designated 4B4 and Y2 share an idiotype (Id) determinant located on the Ig H chain. To understand the molecular basis of this cross-reactivity, the VH regions of both antibodies were sequenced and analyzed for homology. The antibodies showed only 49.6% homology. The second complementary determining region (CDR2) was the most likely candidate for the Id site. To investigate this possibility, rabbit antiserum was made against a peptide corresponding to the CDR2 of 4B4. This antiserum was specific for the immunizing peptide and reacted weakly to a peptide corresponding to the CDR2 of Y2. Anti-CDR2 antibody bound to 4B4 and Y2 but not to other human and mouse mAb. Binding was directed at the H chain when analyzed by Western blots. Anti-CDR2 antibody blocked anti-Id antibody binding to 4B4 and Y2 by 58% and 24%, respectively. These studies suggest that this interspecies Id maps to the H chain CDR2 and that a conserved Id can occur within molecules that are otherwise radically different.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1990|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy