Anterior inferior cerebellar artery bypasses: The 7-bypass framework applied to ischemia and aneurysms in the cerebellopontine angle

Jacob F. Baranoski, Colin J. Przybylowski, Justin R. Mascitelli, Michael J. Lang, Michael T. Lawton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Aneurysms of the anterior inferior cerebellar artery (AICA) are rare. Primary clip reconstruction of these lesions is a challenge because of the limited surgical exposure and frequent nonsaccular aneurysm morphology. Endovascular treatment options exist, but outcomes are equivalent to those for open surgery. Historically, AICA aneurysms not amenable to clipping or primary coiling have been treated with parent vessel sacrifice. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether an AICA revascularization strategy would afford for the safe treatment of AICA aneurysms and other posterior circulation pathologies without compromising perfusion of the AICA territories. METHODS: We describe a series of AICA bypasses to treat 4 AICA aneurysms and 3 vertebral artery/AICA occlusions. RESULTS: We used 7 types of bypasses to revascularize the AICA territory. Bypass types included extracranial-to-intracranial (EC-IC) bypass without an interpositional graft, EC-IC with an interpositional graft, in situ bypass, reanastomosis, reimplantation, intracranialto- intracranial bypass with interpositional graft, and combination bypasses. In particular, we performed the following 7 bypasses: OA-a3 AICA, OA-RAG-a3 AICA, p3 PICA-a3 AICA, a2 AICA reanastomosis, V4 VA-a3 AICA, V3 VA-SVG-a3 AICA, and a combined OA-a3 AICA bypass and p3 PICA reanastomosis. AICA revascularization allows for the safe treatment of AICA aneurysms and other posterior circulation pathologies without compromising perfusion of the AICA territories. CONCLUSION: All 7 AICA bypasses are feasible for application to AICA aneurysms and ischemic disease. Our experience with the 7-bypass framework demonstrates the utility of the framework as a decision-making tool and the breadth of bypass innovation possible in this anatomically challenging region.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)165-174
Number of pages10
JournalOperative Neurosurgery
Volume19
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Aneurysm
  • Anterior inferior cerebellar artery (AICA)
  • Bypass
  • Extracranial-to-intracranial
  • Interpositional
  • Intracranial-to-intracranial
  • Reanastomosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology

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