Anger and Hostility in Tension‐Type Headache

John P. Hatch, Lawrence S. Schoenfeld, Nashaat N. Boutros, Ermias Seleshi, Patricia J. Moore, Margaret Cyr‐Provost

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

59 Scopus citations


SYNOPSIS A battery of standardized psychometric tests was administered to a group of 47 episodic tension‐type headache sufferers and 47 headache‐free controls. Compared to controls, headache subjects showed higher levels of anxiety, depression, and anger/hostility. The groups did not differ significantly on a measure of anger expressed toward persons or objects, but headache subjects showed significantly greater levels of suppressed anger. The results provide objective data that are in general agreement with predictions derived from psychosomatic theories about the interrelationships among anxiety, depression, and anger/hostility.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)302-304
Number of pages3
JournalHeadache: The Journal of Head and Face Pain
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 1991


  • Emotion
  • Psychological testing
  • Tension‐type headaches

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology


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