The SENCAR stock of mice has proved to be a useful model in dissecting out the multistage nature as well as the critical mechanisms involved in skin tumorigenesis. This outbred stock was selectively bred to be susceptible to initiation with 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene (DMBA) and promotion with 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA). In order to obtain mice more suitable for genetic analyses of tumor susceptibility and tissue transplantation studies, several inbred lines of mice were derived from the SENCAR stock. One of these lines, the SSIN mice, has a higher susceptibility to tumor promotion compared to the SENCAR stock but is very resistant to tumor progression. On the other hand, the SENCAR B/Pt mice, derived also from the outbred stock, not only have a tumor promotion susceptibility almost identical to the SSIN mice, but they also have a high susceptibility to tumor progression. In order to understand the nature of the phenotypic differences between these two inbred lines we have characterized them using several parameters and markers that are associated with the progression of papillomas to squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). In this sense we analysed the tumor multiplicity and SCC incidence, and the expression of markers of progression and cell cycle related proteins in papillomas derived from both strains. Our results showed that while both strains have a similar papilloma multiplicity and incidence the SENCAR B/Pt mice have 67% incidence of SCC, compared to O% in the SSIN. SENCAR B/Pt papillomas at 30 weeks of promotion have a higher and aberrant expression of K13, and loss of connexin 26. TGF-β1 was found to be over-expressed in the suprabasal and superficial cells in the SENCAR B/Pt papillomas, while it was only expressed in the superficial cell layer in those derived from SSIN. The SENCAR B/Pt papillomas also showed an enlarged proliferative compartment with overexpression of cyclin D1 and PCNA as seen by immunohistochemistry and Western blot.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research