Background: Hemorrhage is one of the leading causes of preventable death in both military and civilian trauma. Implementation of items such as tourniquets and hemostatic dressings are helpful in controlling hemorrhage and increasing the survival rate of casualties when such injuries occur. Prehospital blood transfusions are used to treat patients with severe injuries where the standard methods of hemorrhage control are not an effective form of treatment. There is limited research and no widely accepted protocol on pediatric prehospital blood transfusions. Methods: We queried the Department of Defense Trauma Registry (DODTR) for all pediatric subjects admitted to U.S. and Coalition fixed-facility hospitals in Iraq and Afghanistan from January 2007 to January 2016. This is a secondary analysis of casualties that received blood products prehospital. Results: From January 2007 through January 2016 there were 3439 pediatric casualties within the registry. Within this group, 22 casualties that received one or more blood product prehospital were identified. Children in the 10–14 years age (40%) group made up the largest proportion, 86% were male, almost all were injured by explosive (63%) or firearm (27%), and 77% survived to hospital discharge. The most frequently administered blood product was packed red cells (n = 17). Of the 22, 15 underwent massive transfusion within the first 24 hours of admission. Conclusions: Prehospital administration of blood products occurred infrequently within this pediatric dataset, but those that received blood were critically injured with most receiving a massive transfusion. Given the frequency with which medical personnel are carrying blood products in the prehospital, combat setting, guidelines specific to pediatric administration would be beneficial.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Emergency Medicine