Analysis of Physician Compensation Studies by Gender, Race, and Ethnicity

Allison R. Larson, Meridith J. Englander, Quentin R. Youmans, Monica Verduzco-Gutierrez, Fatima Cody Stanford, Sheritta A. Strong, Howard Y. Liu, Julie K. Silver

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Purpose: This report investigated physician compensation studies by gender, race, and ethnicity. Methods: Published U.S. physician compensation studies were assessed. Results: Of the 47 data sets within 46 studies, 36 analyzed compensation by gender and 32 (88.9%) found disparities. Thirteen and eight analyzed for race and ethnicity, with disparities found in four (30.8%) and none, respectively. The sample sizes of the four data sets with differences by race were among the largest in the subset. Conclusion: Most studies demonstrate pay disparities for women, but not for people who identify with underrepresented race/ethnic groups; however, small sample sizes may affect results.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)59-71
Number of pages13
JournalHealth Equity
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2022


  • ethnicity
  • gender
  • physician compensation
  • physician salary

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health Information Management
  • Health Policy


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