Analysis of Hospital-Based Emergency Department Visits for Inflammatory Bowel Disease in the USA

Mahesh Gajendran, Chandraprakash Umapathy, Priyadarshini Loganathan, Jana G. Hashash, Ioannis E. Koutroubakis, David G. Binion

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

40 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a chronic, debilitating condition with high emergency department (ED) utilization. We aimed to investigate the utilization patterns of ED by IBD patients and measure hospitalization and surgical rates following ED visits. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study of adults with IBD listed as the primary ED diagnosis from the 2009 to 2011 Nationwide Emergency Department Sample. The characteristics of the IBD-related ED visits in relation to following hospitalizations and surgeries were analyzed. Results: Adult IBD patients constitute 0.09 % of the total ED visits. Crohn’s disease (CD) contributed to 69 % of the IBD-ED visits. The hospitalization rate from ED was 59.9 % nationally, ranging from 56 % in west to 69 % in northeast. The most significant factors associated with hospitalization were intra-abdominal abscess [odds ratio (OR) 24.22], bowel obstruction (OR 17.77), anemia (OR 7.54), malnutrition (OR 6.29), hypovolemia/electrolyte abnormalities (OR 5.57), and fever/abnormal white cell count (OR 3.18). Patients with CD (OR 0.66), low-income group (OR 0.90), and female gender (OR 0.87) have a lower odds of getting hospitalized. Age above 65 years (OR 1.63), CD (OR 1.89), bowel obstruction (OR 9.24), and intra-abdominal abscess (OR 18.41) were significantly associated with surgical intervention. Conclusion: The IBD-related ED visits have remained relatively stable from 2009 to 2011. The presence of anemia, malnutrition, hypovolemia, electrolyte abnormalities, fever, abnormal white cell count, bowel obstruction, or intra-abdominal abscess during the ED visit was associated with hospitalization. The presence of bowel obstruction and intra-abdominal abscess was strongly associated with surgical intervention.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)389-399
Number of pages11
JournalDigestive Diseases and Sciences
Volume61
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Crohn’s disease
  • Emergency department
  • Hospitalization
  • Regional variations
  • Ulcerative colitis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Gastroenterology

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