Analysis of effect of age on synthesis of specific proteins by hepatocytes

James A. Butler, Ahmad R. Heydari, Arlan Richardson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

The effect of age on the synthesis of specific proteins by hepatocytes was studied in Fischer F344 rats using two‐dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. Almost all proteins synthesized by hepatocytes from young rats were synthesized by hepatocytes isolated from old rats. Of over 500 proteins visually compared by two‐dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, only 11 proteins were observed to disappear and/or appear consistently with increasing age. The rates of synthesis of 36 randomly chosen proteins were quantified. Interestingly, the synthesis of 35 of the 36 proteins decreased between 5 and 30 months of age. The decrease in protein synthesis varied (15% to 70%) from one protein to another; i.e., a heterogeneity was observed in the age‐related decrease in the synthesis of proteins. The age‐related decrease in protein synthesis was statistically significant for 53% of the proteins studied. The total decrease in the rate of synthesis of all 36 proteins studied was 40% between 5 and 30 months of age, which is essentially the same as the decrease in total protein synthesis by suspension of hepatocytes isolated from 5‐ and 30‐month‐old rats. The results of this study demonstrate that the mechanism underlaying aging is different from development, which is characterized by a major change in the species of proteins synthesized by a cell.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)400-409
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Cellular Physiology
Volume141
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1989

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology

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