Analysis of DNA binding proteins associated with hemin-induced transcriptional inhibition. The hemin response element binding protein is a heterogeneous complex that includes the Ku protein

S. V. Reddy, O. Alcantara, D. H. Boldt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations

Abstract

Hemin inhibits transcription of the tartrate resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) gene. Using deletion mutagenesis of the mouse TRAP 5'-flanking region, we previously identified a 27-bp DNA segment containing a central GAGGC tandem repeat sequence (the hemin response element [HRE]), which bound nuclear proteins (heroin response element binding proteins [HREBPs]) from hemin-treated cells and appeared to be responsible for mediating transcriptional inhibition in response to hemin. We now have used affinity binding to HRE-derivatized beads to identify four HREBP components with apparent molecular masses of 133-, 90-, 80-, and 37-kD, respectively. The 80- and 90-kD components correspond to the p70 and p80/86 subunits of Ku antigen (KuAg) as documented by partial amino acid microsequencing of tryptic digests and immunologic reactivity. Based on reactivity of the HREBP gel shift band with antibodies to the redox factor protein (ref1) in shift Western experiments, it is shown that the 37-kD component represents ref1. The 133- kD component appeared to be a unique protein. KuAg participation in HREBP complexes was specific as it was present in HREBPs bound to HRE microcircles. Results of depletion/reconstitution experiments suggested that KuAg does not bind alone or directly to HRE DNA, but does so only in conjunction with the 133- and/or 37-kD proteins. We conclude that HREBP is a heterogeneous complex composed of KuAg, ref1, and a unique 133-kD protein. We speculate that the role of hems may he to promote interactions among these components, thereby facilitating HRE binding and downregulation of hemin responsive genes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1793-1801
Number of pages9
JournalBlood
Volume91
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 1998

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Immunology
  • Hematology
  • Cell Biology

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