Anacolosins A-F and Corymbulosins X and Y, Clerodane Diterpenes from Anacolosa clarkii Exhibiting Cytotoxicity toward Pediatric Cancer Cell Lines

Shengxin Cai, April L. Risinger, Cora L. Petersen, Tanja Grkovic, Barry R. O'Keefe, Susan L. Mooberry, Robert H. Cichewicz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

An extract of the plant Anacolosa clarkii was obtained from the NCI Natural Products Repository, and it showed cytotoxic activity toward several types of pediatric solid tumor cell lines. Bioassay-guided fractionation led to the purification of eight new clerodane diterpenes [anacolosins A-F (1-6) and corymbulosins X and Y (7 and 8)] and two known compounds (9 and 10) that contained an isozuelanin skeleton. The structures of the new natural products were determined using 1D and 2D NMR and HRESIMS data, while the relative and absolute configurations of the compounds were assessed using a combination of 1H NMR coupling constant data, ROESY experiments, ECD (electronic circular dichroism) and VCD (vibrational circular dichroism) spectroscopy, chemical methods (including Mosher and 2-naphthacyl esterification), and chiral HPLC analyses. The purified natural products exhibited a range of cytotoxic activities against cell lines representing four pediatric cancer types (i.e., rhabdomyosarcoma, Ewing sarcoma, medulloblastoma, and hepatoblastoma) with total growth inhibitory (TGI) values in the range 0.2-4.1 μM. The rhabdomyosarcoma and medulloblastoma cell lines showed higher sensitivity to compounds 1-4, which are the first compounds reported to contain an isozuelanin skeleton and feature keto carbonyl groups at the C-6 positions. In contrast, the hepatoblastoma cell line was modestly more sensitive to 7-10, which contained a C-6 hydroxy group moiety.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)928-936
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Natural Products
Volume82
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 26 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Drug Discovery
  • Complementary and alternative medicine
  • Organic Chemistry

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