An updated systematic review and meta-analysis of early outcomes after left atrial appendage occlusion

Charan Yerasi, Mohamad Lazkani, Prathik Kolluru, Varun Miryala, Jae Kim, Harsha Moole, Abhishek C. Sawant, Michael Morris, Ashish Pershad

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Left atrial appendage occlusion (LAAO) is a promising intervention for stroke prevention in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF). Early outcomes following LAAO have been published in many studies with variable results. Objective: This updated meta-analysis aims to provide a summary of the early outcomes of LAAO. Methods: Medline/Pubmed, Ovid Journals, Clinical trials, Abstract meetings, Cochrane databases were searched from January 1st, 1999 to November 30th, 2016. Results: This meta-analysis included 49 studies involving 12 415 patients. The median age was 73.5 years (IQR 72-75 years) and 43% were males. Hypertension and diabetes were present in 36% and 15% of the population, respectively. There was a prior history of stroke and congestive heart failure in 14% and 18% of the population, respectively. The median CHADS2 score was 2.9 (IQR 2.6-3.3) and the median HASBLED score was 3.3 (IQR 3-4). LAAO implantation was successful in 96.3% of patients (95.40-97.08, I2 = 76.1%). The pooled proportion of all-cause mortality was 0.28% (0.19-0.38, I2 = 0%). The pooled proportion of all-cause stroke was 0.31% (0.22-0.42, I2 = 9.4%), major bleeding requiring transfusion was 1.71% (1.13-2.41, I2 = 73.2%), and pericardial effusion was 3.25% (2.46-4.14, I2 = 79%). Sub analysis of randomized clinical trials comparing LAAO devices to warfarin showed lower mortality (P = 0.03) with similar bleeding risk (P = 0.20) with LAAO. Conclusions: This meta-analysis concludes that LAAO occlusion is a safe and effective stroke prevention strategy in patients with NVAF.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)197-206
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Interventional Cardiology
Volume31
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2018
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • atrial fibrillation
  • early outcomes
  • left atrial appendage closure devices
  • major bleeding
  • mortality
  • stroke prevention

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'An updated systematic review and meta-analysis of early outcomes after left atrial appendage occlusion'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this