An unexpected Penlon Sigma Elite Vaporizer leak

S. E. Lewis, J. J. Andrews, G. W. Long, C. Thompson, R. T. Riddle

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1221-1225
Number of pages5
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 15 1999


  • FDA anesthesia apparatus checkout recommendations
  • Low-pressure circuit leak test
  • Negative-pressure leak test
  • Patient awareness under anesthesia
  • Unexpected vaporizer leak
  • Variable bypass vaporizers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

Cite this

Lewis, S. E., Andrews, J. J., Long, G. W., Thompson, C., & Riddle, R. T. (1999). An unexpected Penlon Sigma Elite Vaporizer leak. Anesthesiology, 90(4), 1221-1225.