An in vitro study of the characteristics of a computer‐aided radiographic evaluation (CARE) system for longitudinal assessment of density changes

Yuval Zubery, S. Brent Dove, Jeffrey Ebersole

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

In recent years, several systems for computerized analysis of radiographs have been introduced, most of which use digital conversion of the image followed by subtraction of consecutive images to assess changes. This paper introduces a computer‐based qualitative and quantitative radiographic evaluation system based on the CADIA algorithm. Problems associated with computerized radiographic analysis are discussed and evaluation criteria for this type of system are suggested. These criteria include evaluation of system noise and threshold setting, reproducibility, and establishment of the system working curve (validity). The CARE system noise ranged from a ‐ 10 to + 10 CADIA value and the threshold was set on 13 for all measurements. The reproducibility was high, both for the radiographic technique and for repeated measurements. The working curve was established and showed the system's ability to detect small density changes of 0.048 O.D. which corresponds to 0.27 mm of aluminum thickness or compact bone equivalent. The linear range of the curve was between 0.7 and 1.8 O.D. By controlling the exposure parameters it was possible to work within the linear range of the curve. Based on these evaluation criteria, the CARE system can be used to quantitatively evaluate small density changes on sequential radiographs for early detection of caries and periodontal disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)233-240
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Periodontal Research
Volume28
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1993

Keywords

  • computer‐aided radiographic evaluation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Periodontics

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