An Examination of the Putative Role of Melatonin in Exosome Biogenesis

Hassan Amini, Aysa Rezabakhsh, Morteza Heidarzadeh, Mehdi Hassanpour, Shahriar Hashemzadeh, Shahrouz Ghaderi, Emel Sokullu, Reza Rahbarghazi, Russel J. Reiter

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations


During the last two decades, melatonin has been found to have pleiotropic effects via different mechanisms on its target cells. Data are abundant for some aspects of the signaling pathways within cells while other casual mechanisms have not been adequately addressed. From an evolutionary perspective, eukaryotic cells are equipped with a set of interrelated endomembrane systems consisting of intracellular organelles and secretory vesicles. Of these, exosomes are touted as cargo-laden secretory vesicles that originate from the endosomal multivesicular machinery which participate in a mutual cross-talk at different cellular interfaces. It has been documented that cells transfer various biomolecules and genetic elements through exosomes to sites remote from the original cell in a paracrine manner. Findings related to the molecular mechanisms between melatonin and exosomal biogenesis and cargo sorting are the subject of the current review. The clarification of the interplay between melatonin and exosome biogenesis and cargo sorting at the molecular level will help to define a cell’s secretion capacity. This review precisely addresses the role and potential significance of melatonin in determining the efflux capacity of cells via the exosomal pathway. Certain cells, for example, stem cells actively increase exosome efflux in response to melatonin treatment which accelerates tissue regeneration after transplantation into the injured sites.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number686551
JournalFrontiers in Cell and Developmental Biology
StatePublished - Jun 8 2021


  • cross talk
  • exosome biogenesis
  • interplay signaling pathways
  • melatonin
  • paracrine activity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology
  • Developmental Biology


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