An autopsy case of urinary bladder carcinoma with pulmonary infraction and subacute cor pulmonale caused by tumor embolization

N. Suyama, H. Mashimoto, J. Araki, S. Asai, Y. Ikeno, T. Ikeda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Pulmonary tumor embolism is a common finding at autopsy but is difficult to diagnose clinically antemortem. We report an autopsy case of urinary bladder carcinoma associated with tumor emboli of the pulmonary arteries and subsequent pulmonary infarctions. An eighty-six-year-old man with bloody sputum showed multiple infiltrates on chest X-ray and multiple pleural based parenchymal lesions with truncated apex on computed tomography. The patient had a history of radiation therapy against urinary bladder carcinoma two years earlier. Transitional type carcinoma cells were identified from a urine sample obtained on admission. Three weeks later, the patient developed subacute cor pulmonale and died in severe respiratory distress. Postmortem examination revealed primary carcinoma of the urinary bladder. Multiple tumor emboli of pulmonary arteries and subsequent pulmonary infarctions were visible microscopically. There was a large amount of effusion in both the pleural and the abdominal space. The heart contained focal scarring and mild right ventricular hypertrophy and there was congestion of the lungs, liver, kidneys and spleen. Pulmonary tumor embolization may present at any stage of the patient's illness but rarely causes subsequent pulmonary infarctions. Cytologic examination of blood samples obtained from Swan-Ganz catheters may be useful in the diagnosis of tumor embolization.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)491-496
Number of pages6
JournalJapanese Journal of Thoracic Diseases
Volume32
Issue number5
StatePublished - Jan 1 1994
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • pulmonary infarction
  • pulmonary tumor embolism
  • subacute cor pulmonale
  • urinary biadder carcinoma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

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