An Analysis of Political Contributions from Otolaryngologists in the United States

Taylor R. Fish, Jonathan Lefkowitz, Federico Galar, Dane J. Markham, Paul Imber, James C. Denneny, Philip G. Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objective: Doctors can influence the development of sound healthcare policy through financial contributions to political campaigns and candidates. Our objective was to characterize the political contributions of otolaryngologists in the United States, both individually and through the ENT Political Action Committee (ENTPAC) between the years 2003 and 2020. Study Design: Retrospective observational study. Setting: Publicly available information on the internet: Methods: The Federal Election Commission's website,, was used to identify the political contributions of individual otolaryngologists and the ENTPAC between 2003 and 2020. Each contribution is associated with a political group or candidate, designated as a Republican, Democratic, or Independent entity. Results: A total of 1407 distinct political contributions were made by individuals identifying as otolaryngologists between 2003 and 2020, totaling $432,201. Overall, Republicans received more individual donations than Democrats (711 vs 540), while Democrats received more money ($231,139 vs $183,427). Donations peaked during election years, with the total amount overall increasing each election year ($9664 in 2004 vs $75,102 in 2020). The predominant political party receiving donations between 2003 and 2020 in each US state matched each state's predominant party of the governors and senators 48.6% of the time. The ENTPAC donated $3,027,383 between 2003 and 2020 to a variety of political candidates and entities. Conclusion: Otolaryngologists are making increased political contributions over time and interest in political advocacy may be at an all-time high. Increased time and attention should be devoted to educating otolaryngologists to best politically advocate for interests which are of the most importance to themselves and the profession.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)804-811
Number of pages8
JournalOtolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery (United States)
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 2024


  • political contributions
  • politics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Otorhinolaryngology


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