An acute exercise session increases self-efficacy in sedentary endometrial cancer survivors and controls

Daniel Hughes, George Baum, Jennifer Jovanovic, Cindy Carmack, Anthony Greisinger, Karen Basen-Engquist

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Self-efficacy can be affected by mastery experiences and somatic sensations. A novel exercise experience and associated sensations may impact self-efficacy and subsequent behaviors. We investigated the effect of a single exercise session on self-efficacy for sedentary endometrial cancer survivors compared with sedentary women of a similar age, but with no cancer history. Methods: Twenty survivors and 19 controls completed an exercise session performed as a submaximal cycle ergometry test. Sensations and efficacy were measured before and after exercise. Repeated measures analysis of variance (ANOVA) was performed. Regression models were used to determine predictors of self-efficacy and subsequent exercise. Results: Self-efficacy increased for both survivors and controls, but survivors had a higher rate of increase, and the change predicted subsequent exercise. The association between exercise-related somatic sensations and self-efficacy differed between the 2 groups. Conclusions: A novel exercise experience had a larger effect on self-efficacy and subsequent exercise activity for endometrial cancer survivors than controls. Somatic sensations experienced during exercise may differ for survivors, which may be related to the experience of having cancer. Understanding factors affecting confidence in novel exercise experiences for populations with specific cancer histories is of the utmost importance in the adoption of exercise behaviors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)784-793
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Physical Activity and Health
Volume7
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2010

Keywords

  • Exercise psychology
  • Health behavior
  • Special needs populations

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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