Amphetamine-like discriminative stimulus effects of ephedrine and its stereoisomers in pigeons

N. Eser Ercil, Charles P. France

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations


This study assessed the discriminative stimulus effects of (±)-ephedrine and its stereoisomers in pigeons discriminating 1.0 mg/kg of amphetamine from saline. Amphetamine, (±)-, (-)-, and (+)-ephedrine, and cocaine occasioned greater than 80% drug-key responding with the following rank order of potency: amphetamine > cocaine > (-)-ephedrine ≥ (±)-ephedrine ≥ (+)-ephedrine. Neither the α-adrenergic antagonist, phentolamine, nor the β-adrenergic antagonist, propranolol, antagonized the effects of amphetamine or (±)-ephedrine. In contrast, the dopamine receptor antagonist, haloperidol, antagonized the discriminative stimulus effects of amphetamine and (±)-ephedrine as well as those of (-)- and (+)-ephedrine. These results indicate that, like cocaine, (±)-ephedrine and its stereoisomers share discriminative stimulus effects with amphetamine. Moreover, these effects appear to be the result of increased activity in dopaminergic systems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3-8
Number of pages6
JournalExperimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2003


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Pharmacology (medical)

Cite this