American Association for the Surgery of Trauma Prevention Committee topical update: Impact of community violence exposure, intimate partner violence, hospital-based violence intervention, building community coalitions and injury prevention program evaluation

Michael S. Rosenblatt, Kimberly T. Joseph, Tracey Dechert, Thomas K. Duncan, D'Andrea K. Joseph, Ronald M. Stewart, Zara R. Cooper

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

An effective injury prevention program is an important component of a successful trauma system. Maintaining support for a hospital-based injury prevention program is challenging, given competing institutional and trauma program priorities and limited resources. In light of those pressures, the American College of Surgeons Committee on Trauma mandates that trauma centers demonstrate financial support for an injury prevention program as part of the verification process, recognizing that hospital administrators might see such support as discretionary and ripe as a target for expense reduction efforts. This Topical Update American Association for the Surgery of Trauma Injury Prevention Committee focuses on strategies to be more effective with the limited resources that are allocated to hospital-based injury prevention programs. First, this review tackles two of the many social determinates of violence, including activities aimed at mitigating the impact of both community violence exposure and intimate partner/domestic violence. Developing or participating in coalitions for injury prevention, both in general with any injury prevention initiative, and specifically while developing a hospital-based violence intervention program, efficiently extends the hospital's efforts by gaining access to expertise, resources, and influence over the target population that the hospital might otherwise have difficulty impacting. Finally, the importance of systematic program evaluation is explored. In an era of dwindling resources for injury prevention, both at the national level and the institutional level, it is important to measure the effectiveness of injury prevention efforts on the target population, and when necessary, make changes to programs to both improve their effectiveness and to assist organizations in making wise choices in the use of their limited resources.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)456-462
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
Volume87
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2019

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Program Evaluation
Violence
Wounds and Injuries
Health Services Needs and Demand
Exposure to Violence
Intimate Partner Violence
Hospital Administrators
Financial Support
Domestic Violence
Trauma Centers
Organizations

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine

Cite this

American Association for the Surgery of Trauma Prevention Committee topical update : Impact of community violence exposure, intimate partner violence, hospital-based violence intervention, building community coalitions and injury prevention program evaluation. / Rosenblatt, Michael S.; Joseph, Kimberly T.; Dechert, Tracey; Duncan, Thomas K.; Joseph, D'Andrea K.; Stewart, Ronald M.; Cooper, Zara R.

In: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery, Vol. 87, No. 2, 01.08.2019, p. 456-462.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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