AMD473 (ZD0473) exhibits marked in vitro anticancer activity in human tumor specimens taken directly from patients

Leticia Medina-Gundrum, Cesario Cerna, Lionel R. Gomez, Michael Yochmowitz, Steven Weitman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

AMD473 (ZD0473; cis-amminedichloro[2-methylpyridine]-platinum [II]) is a new generation anticancer agent that, in preclinical studies, shows evidence of an extended spectrum of antitumor activity and overcomes platinum resistance mechanisms. Here we evaluate the activity of AMD473 (ZD0473) in a panel of 120 human tumor specimens using a soft agar cloning assay (human tumor colony-forming assay). When tumor cells were treated with 1.0, 4.0 or 16.0 μg/ml AMD473 (ZD0473) for 2h, in vitro responses were observed in 18% (9/51), 33% (17/51) and 44% (19/43) of assessable specimens. Treatment of tumor cells with the same concentrations of AMD473 (ZD0473) for 24 h resulted in responses of 33% (16/48), 63% (30/48) and 85% (35/41). AMD473 (ZD0473) (16 μg/ml; 24 h) demonstrated activity towards 100% of the non-small cell lung (5/5) and ovarian (8/8) cancer specimens and 73% (8/11) of the breast cancer specimens treated. Low levels of cross-resistance to cisplafin cyclophosphamide, 5-flurouracil, etoposide and gemcitabine were observed. There was a positive relationship between AMD473 (ZD0473) concentration and effect, and a significant difference between response to 2- versus 24-h exposure to 4 or 16 μg/ml (p=0.003 and p=0.001, respectively). These responses demonstrate efficacy at pharmacologically relevant concentrations, suggesting AMD473 (ZD0473) deserves further evaluation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)275-280
Number of pages6
JournalAnti-cancer drugs
Volume14
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2003

Keywords

  • AMD473 (ZD0473)
  • Cisplatin analog
  • Human tumor cloning assay

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmacology (medical)
  • Cancer Research

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