Aluminum-related bone disease in mild and advanced renal failure: Evidence for high prevalence and morbidity and studies on etiology and diagnosis

Albert J. Smith, Marie Claude Faugère, Kenneth Abreo, Paolo Fanti, Bruce Julian, Hartmut H. Malluche

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

72 Scopus citations

Abstract

To study aluminum-related bone disease, bone biopsies and serum biochemical measurements were done in 97 patients on maintenance dialysis and in 100 patients with mild to moderate renal failure. Bone histology, histochemical staining for aluminum and determination of bone aluminum content were done. Stainable bone aluminum was found in 50% of dialyzed patients and in 5% of nondialyzed patients. The finding of stainable bone aluminum in dialyzed patients was associated with high morbidity and mortality; it was not only seen in most patients with low turnover osteomalacia, but also in 47% of patients with mixed uremic osteodystrophy and in 1 patient with predominant hyperparathyroid bone disease. Patients with stainable aluminum had lower bone mass and decreased activity of bone-forming and -resorbing cells. Cumulative doses of aluminum-containing phosphate binders were a major risk factor. Aluminum in drinking water represents an additional risk factor. Neither serum biochemical tests nor single infusion of deferoxamine could be employed as diagnostic tools. Bone biopsies were the only means for diagnosis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)275-283
Number of pages9
JournalAmerican Journal of Nephrology
Volume6
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1986

Keywords

  • Aluminum
  • Deferoxamine
  • Histomorphometry
  • Renal bone disease
  • Renal failure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nephrology

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