Altered Insulin Clearance after Gastric Bypass and Sleeve Gastrectomy in the Fasting and Prandial Conditions

Marzieh Salehi, Ralph DeFronzo, Amalia Gastaldelli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: The liver has the capacity to regulate glucose metabolism by altering the insulin clearance rate (ICR). The decreased fasting insulin concentrations and enhanced prandial hyperinsulinemia after Roux-en-Y gastric-bypass (GB) surgery and sleeve gastrectomy (SG) are well documented. Here, we investigated the effect of GB or SG on insulin kinetics in the fasting and fed states. Method: ICR was measured (i) during a mixed-meal test (MMT) in obese non-diabetic GB (n = 9) and SG (n = 7) subjects and (ii) during a MMT combined with a hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemic clamp in the same GB and SG subjects. Five BMI-matched and non-diabetic subjects served as age-matched non-operated controls (CN). Results: The enhanced ICR during the fasting state after GB and SC compared with CN (p < 0.05) was mainly attributed to augmented hepatic insulin clearance rather than non-liver organs. The dose-response slope of the total insulin extraction rate (InsExt) of exogenous insulin per circulatory insulin value was greater in the GB and SG subjects than in the CN subjects, despite the similar peripheral insulin sensitivity among the three groups. Compared to the SG or the CN subjects, the GB subjects had greater prandial insulin secretion (ISR), independent of glycemic levels. The larger post-meal ISR following GB compared with SG was associated with a greater InsExt until it reached a plateau, leading to a similar reduction in meal-induced ICR among the GB and SG subjects. Conclusions: GB and SG alter ICR in the presence or absence of meal stimulus. Further, altered ICR after bariatric surgery results from changes in hepatic insulin clearance and not from a change in peripheral insulin sensitivity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number7667
JournalInternational journal of molecular sciences
Volume23
Issue number14
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2022

Keywords

  • gastric-bypass surgery
  • hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemic clamp
  • insulin clearance
  • insulin extraction
  • mixed meal test
  • sleeve gastrectomy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Molecular Biology
  • Spectroscopy
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry

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