Altered cell motility and attachment with titanium surface modifications

Archontia Palaiologou, Diana Stoute, Yuwei Fan, Thomas E. Lallier

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


Background: Titanium implants are widely used in dentistry to replace lost teeth. Various surface modifications have been used to improve implant retention and osseointegration. This study is designed to compare the ability of three titanium surfaces to promote cell attachment and cell motility of cells relevant to periodontal tissues. Methods: Three clinically relevant surfaces were tested: 1) machined titanium; 2) a titanium surface roughened through acid etching (dual thermal-etched titanium[DTET]); and 3) a titanium surface roughened with nanometer-scale calcium phosphate deposition (nanoscale calcium phosphate-impregnated titanium [NCPIT]). Cell attachment and migration were examined for four cell types: rat osteosarcoma cells, human osteoblasts, and gingival and periodontal ligament (PDL) fibroblasts. Results: All four cell types attached to each of the three titanium surfaces equally by 2 hours, and the PDL and gingival fibroblasts generally displayed less attachment than the osteosarcoma cells and osteoblasts. The cells displayed differential motility and long-term attachment to each of the titanium surfaces. Osteosarcoma cells displayed preferential motility on NCPIT, whereas PDL fibroblasts weremoremotile onmachined titanium, and gingival fibroblasts moved more rapidly on both DTET and NCPIT. Osteoblasts displayed little motility on any of the titanium surfaces and lost viability on NCPIT after 24 hours. Gingival fibroblasts lost attachment to machined titanium. Conclusions: Periodontal cells displayed differential motility and long-termattachment to titanium surfaces. Selective modification of titanium surface properties in various regions of an implant may be useful in guiding specific cell populations to specific locations where theymight best aid in osseointegration and soft tissue remodeling. J Periodontol 2012;83:90-100.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)90-100
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of periodontology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2012
Externally publishedYes


  • Cell movement
  • Fibroblasts
  • Osseointegration
  • Osteoblasts
  • Periodontal ligament
  • Surface properties

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Periodontics


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