Alterations in the charge and size selectivity barrier of the glomerular filter in aminonucleoside nephrosis in rats

J. L. Olson, H. G. Rennke, M. A. Venkatachalam

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

120 Scopus citations

Abstract

The aminonucleoside of puromycin induces proteinuria and renal damage when given to rats. Aminonucleoside of puromycin was administered to male Wistar-Furth rats as a single intravenous injection in a dose of 15 mg per 100 gm of body weight. The animals were studied 9 days later when the mean urinary protein was 175 mg per 24 hours. Evidence of glomerular epithelial cell injury included massive obliteration of foot processes, appearance of microvilli, protein reabsorption droplets, extreme attenuation of cytoplasm with formation of blebs, and focal detachment of epithelial cells from glomerular basement membrane. An increase in both the amount of mesangial matrix and the number of mesangial cells was also observed. The fractional clearance (C/GFR) of anionic horseradish peroxidase had increased 18.5 times as compared to control values and was nearly equal to the C/GFR of neutral horseradish peroxidase in the experimental rats. The C/GFR of cationic horseradish peroxidase was decreased by one-third so that it approximated the C/GFRs of both anionic and neutral horseradish peroxidase. These findings indicate a nearly complete loss of the charge-selective barrier to filtration. In addition, C/GFRs of tritiated uncharged dextrans with a range of molecular radii from 18 to 58 Angstrom (Å) were determined. The C/GFRs of dextrans (a(e) < 30 Å) were decreased in the experimental rat as compared to C/GFRs of dextrans of corresponding molecular size in control rats. However, the C/GFRs of dextrans (a(e) > 38 Å) were increased in experimental as compared to control rats. Further, both anionic and cationic ferritin (a(e) = 61 Å) were observed in the urinary space near denuded areas of glomerular basement membrane. These results indicate that the size-selective properties of the glomerular barrier to filtration have been modified with decreased C/GFR of small molecules and increased C/GFR of large molecules. Thus, the proteinuria of aminonucleoside nephrosis in rats occurs secondary to alterations in both the charge- and size-selective barriers to glomerular filtration.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)271-279
Number of pages9
JournalLaboratory Investigation
Volume44
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jan 1 1981
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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