This study was performed (1) to determine the changes in left ventricular volumes during exercise in patients with aortic regurgitation, and (2) to evaluate the importance of these alterations in characterizing left ventricular function in these patients. In 15 normal subjects (Group I) and in 17 patients with aortic regurgitation (Group II), left ventricular end-diastolic volume index, end-systolic volume index, ejection fraction and the ratio of peak systolic blood pressure to end-systolic volume index were measured at rest and during supine exercise. The patients with aortic regurgitation were classified into two groups on the basis of symptoms and chest radiographs: Group IIA, minimal or no symptoms, no cardiomegaly or pulmonary venous congestion; Group IIB, definite symptoms, with cardiomegaly and pulmonary venous congestion. Patients with aortic regurgitation had greater left ventricular end-diastolic and end-systolic volume indexes at rest and during exercise (p <0.05) than did normal subjects. During exercise, left ventricular end-diastolic volume index increased in normal subjects (53 ± 13 ml/m2 [mean ± standard deviation] at rest, 67 ± 18 ml/m2 during exercise, p <0.01), demonstrated a heterogeneous response in patients in Group IIA and increased in patients in Group IIB (180 ± 96 ml/m2 at rest, 209 ± 102 ml/m2 during exercise, p <0.05). During exercise, left ventricular end-systolic volume index decreased in normal subjects (18 ± 5 ml/m2 at rest, 15 $ ̄6 ml/m2 with exercise, p <0.01), increased in patients in Group IIB (82 ± 60 ml/m2 at rest, 118 ± 93 ml/m2 during exercise, p <0.05), and showed a variable response in those in Group IIA. At rest, left ventricular ejection fraction was similar in the three groups, but during exercise it increased in Group I (0.71 ± 0.07 at rest, 0.82 ± 0.07 with exercise, p <0.001), was unchanged in Group IIA and decreased in Group IIB (0.59 ± 0.15 at rest, 0.50 ± 0.16 during exercise, p <0.05). During exercise, there was an inverse relation between changes in left ventricular ejection fraction and endsystolic volume, but no relation between changes in end-diastolic volume and ejection fraction. Changes in the systolic pressure-volume ratio provided no more information than changes in end-systolic volume alone. Thus, abnormal alterations in left ventricular volumes occur during exercise in patients with aortic regurgitation and may be helpful in the further characterization of left ventricular performance in these patients.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine