Alpha-thiol deoxynucleotide triphosphates (S-dNTPs) as radioprotective agents: A novel approach

John G. Bruno, Jeffrey C. Sivils, Sumathy Mohan, Mohan Natarajan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

In this study, the ability of a mixture of four different alpha-thiol deoxynucleotide triphosphates (S-dNTPs) each at a concentration of 10μM when incorporated into the genomic DNA of proliferating human HL-60 and Mono-Mac-6 (MM-6) cells in vitro to provide protection from 2, 5, and 10 Gy of gamma radiation was investigated. Incorporation of the four different S-dNTPs into nuclear DNA at 10 μM concentration for five days was validated by agarose gel electrophoretic band shift analysis. S-dNTP-treated genomic DNA reacted with BODIPY-iodoacetamide demonstrated a band shift to higher molecular weight to confirm the presence of sulfur moieties in the resultant phosphorothioate DNA backbones. No overt signs of toxicity or obvious morphologic cellular differentiation were noted in the presence of 10 μM S-dNTPs even after 8 days in culture. Significantly reduced radiation-induced persistent DNA damage measured at 24 and 48 h post-exposure by γ-H2AX histone phosphorylation using FACS analysis in S-dNTP incorporated HL-60 and MM6 cells indicated protection against radiation-induced direct and indirect DNA damage. Statistically significant protection by S-dNTPs was noted at the cellular level by CellEvent™ Caspase-3/7 assay, which assess the extent of apoptotic events, and by trypan blue dye exclusion to assed cell viability. The results appear to support an innocuous antioxidant thiol radioprotective effect built into genomic DNA backbones as the last line of defense against ionizing radiation and free radical-induced DNA damage.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6-12
Number of pages7
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Volume660
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 11 2023

Keywords

  • -HAX assay
  • Antioxidant
  • Caspase
  • Iodoacetamide
  • Low LET
  • Phosphorothioate
  • Radioprotection
  • S-dNTPs

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology

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