Allergic rhinitis and associated factors in schoolchildren from Bogotá, Colombia

Augusto Peñaranda, Gustavo Aristizabal, Elizabeth Garcia, Catalina Vasquez, Carlos E. Rodriguez-Martinez, Claudia L. Satizábal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Allergic rhinitis is one of the most frequent chronic diseases among children. The objective of the study was to assess the prevalence of and the factors associated with self-reported allergic rhinitis symptoms in schoolchildren from Bogotá, Colombia. Methodology/Principal: We followed the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC) methodology. Our sample included 3,256 children aged 6 - 7 and 3,830 adolescents aged 13 - 14 years. Results: The prevalence of self-reported allergic rhinitis symptoms was 30.8% among children and 36.6% among adolescents. Factors associated with self-reported allergic rhinitis among children included current asthma and atopic dermatitis symptoms; use of acetaminophen in the first year of life and in the last 12 months; antibiotic use in the first year of life; high-school and university maternal education; smokers at home; and caesarean delivery. Among adolescents, associated factors included current asthma and atopic dermatitis symptoms; current acetaminophen use once per month; frequent fast-food consumption; cat exposure at home; and smoking. Conclusions: Further exploration of factors associated with allergic rhinitis symptoms is needed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)122-128
Number of pages7
JournalRhinology
Volume50
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 19 2012
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Allergic rhinitis
  • Associated factors
  • Bogotá
  • Colombia
  • ISAAC-III
  • Prevalence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology

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