Agonist interactions with beta adrenergic receptors in rat brain

J. M. O'Donnell, B. B. Wolfe, A. Frazer

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32 Scopus citations


Agonist interactions with beta adrenergic receptors on membranes prepared from rat brain were examined by measuring agonist inhibition of [125I]iodopindolol binding in the absence or presence of GTP. When rat cerebral cortical membranes were prepared with 1 mM EDTA in the homogenization medium and 2.5 mM MgCl2 was included in the binding reaction, then 250 μM GTP increased the Hill coefficient for isoproterenol from 0.77 to 0.99 and increased the IC50 from 88 to 213 nM. By contrast, l-propranolol competition curves were steep (Hill coefficient = 0.98) and were not affected by GTP. It was inferred from the results of computer-modeling that, in the absence of GTP, isoproterenol bound to two states of the receptor; GTP converted isoproterenol binding to a single low-affinity state. l-Propranolol bound to a single state in the absence or presence of GTP. The effect of GTP on l-epinephrine inhibition of [125I]iodopindolol binding was essentially identical to its effect on isoproterenol inhibition. GTP and GDP were the most potent of all the nucleotides tested. Guanylylimidodiphosphate (1 mM) produced only partial shifts in the isoproterenol competition curves and GMP and ATP were inactive. In membranes prepared from rat hippocampus and hypothalamus, isoproterenol competition curves and GTP effects were qualitatively similar to those observed in cerebral cortex. However, GTP produced only partial shifts of l-isoproterenol competition curves in cerebellum and neostriatum. It appears that agonists, but not antagonists, can stabilize a high-affinity ternary complex with the beta adrenergic receptor and the guanine nucleotide binding regulatory protein in membranes prepared from various regions of the rat brain.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)640-647
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1984
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Pharmacology


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