Salmonella-induced aggregation of host endosomal compartments into tubules, termed lgp-tubules, requires sifA and ompR. Lgp-tubules result from Salmonella-directed alteration of the endocytic system and typify the unique intracellular locale where Salmonella replicate. A high-throughput method devised to screen 11 520 MudJ mutants for loss of lgp-tubule formation identified one auxotrophic and nine prototrophic mutants. Molecular characterization identified four new loci required to alter epithelial endocytic structure. Salmonella pathogenicity island 2 (SPI2) is the locus central to the phenotype. A subset of SPI2 effectors is essential: SpiC and SseFG are required, but not SseE. A subset of apparatus proteins is also implicated: SsaJ, L, M, V and P are required. SPI2 was implicated further, as SifA shows similarity with known SPI2 translocation targets, and OmpR regulates SPI2. Another locus lies within the smf-aroE intragenic region. Lgp-tubule formation also involves a locus on the virulence plasmid pSLT. The pSLT-encoded SpvR negatively regulates an unknown repressor of the phenotype located on pSLT. Finally, disruption of carB leads to multiple auxotrophy that prevents lgp-tubule formation. This study demonstrates that lgp-tubule formation is a virulence mechanism that underlies the selective disruption of host endocytic trafficking and is associated with the formation of a replication-permissive locale.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology