Aedes aegypti vectorial capacity is determined by the infecting genotype of dengue virus

Justin R. Anderson, Rebeca Rico-Hesse

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

114 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Dengue viruses causing severe, hemorrhagic disease have displaced less virulent strains in the Americas during the past three decades. The American (AM) genotype of dengue serotype 2 has been endemic in the Western Hemisphere and South Pacific, causing outbreaks of dengue fever (DF), but has not been linked to dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF). The Southeast Asian (SEA) genotype of dengue was introduced into this hemisphere in 1981, has caused outbreaks with numerous cases of DHF, and has displaced the AM genotype in several countries. We investigated the effect of viral genotype on the potential for transmission by infecting Aedes aegypti mosquitoes collected in South Texas with six viruses, representing these two genotypes. Viral replication in the midgut was significantly higher in SEAinfected mosquitoes, and virus-specific proteins could be detected in salivary glands 7 days earlier in SEA- than AM-infected mosquitoes. This much earlier appearance of dengue virus in salivary glands resulted in an estimated 2- to 65-fold increase in the vectorial capacity of these mosquitoes for the viruses that can cause DHF. This may be one of the mechanisms through which more virulent flaviviruses spread and displace others globally.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)886-892
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Volume75
Issue number5
StatePublished - Nov 2006
Externally publishedYes

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Dengue Virus
Aedes
Culicidae
Severe Dengue
Genotype
Dengue
Viruses
Salivary Glands
Disease Outbreaks
Flavivirus
Asian Americans
Proteins

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Parasitology
  • Infectious Diseases

Cite this

Aedes aegypti vectorial capacity is determined by the infecting genotype of dengue virus. / Anderson, Justin R.; Rico-Hesse, Rebeca.

In: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, Vol. 75, No. 5, 11.2006, p. 886-892.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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