Advanced Techniques for Predicting the Future Progression of Type 2 Diabetes

Md Shafiqul Islam, Marwa K. Qaraqe, Samir Brahim Belhaouari, Muhammad A. Abdul-Ghani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations


Diabetes is a costly and burdensome metabolic disorder that occurs due to the elevation of glucose levels in the bloodstream. If it goes unchecked for an extended period, it can lead to the damage of different body organs and develop life-threatening health complications. Studies show that the progression of diabetes can be stopped or delayed, provided a person follows a healthy lifestyle and takes proper medication. Prevention of diabetes or the delayed onset of diabetes is crucial, and it can be achieved if there exists a screening process that identifies individuals who are at risk of developing diabetes in the future. Although machine learning techniques have been applied for disease diagnosis, there is little work done on long term prediction of disease, type 2 diabetes in particular. Moreover, finding discriminative features or risk-factors responsible for the future development of diabetes plays a significant role. In this study, we propose two novel feature extraction approaches for finding the best risk-factors, followed by applying a machine learning pipeline for the long term prediction of type 2 diabetes. The proposed methods have been evaluated using data from a longitudinal clinical study, known as the San Antonio Heart Study. Our proposed model managed to achieve 95.94% accuracy in predicting whether a person will develop type 2 diabetes within the next 7-8 years or not.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number9127427
Pages (from-to)120537-120547
Number of pages11
JournalIEEE Access
StatePublished - 2020


  • Feature extraction
  • diabetes prediction
  • fractional derivative
  • machine learning
  • wavelet transform

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Computer Science
  • General Materials Science
  • General Engineering


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