Adrenocortical cell transplantation in scid mice: The role of the host animals' adrenal glands

Michael Thomas, Christina L. Hawks, Peter J. Hornsby

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Adrenocortical cell transplantation is a powerful technique for the investigation of the regulation of adrenocortical structure and function. Some classical organ and tissue transplantation experiments suggest that the success of transplantation depends on the activity of the pituitary gland and other endocrine systems, and is therefore influenced by the host animals' own adrenal glands. For this reason, our experiments have usually been performed on adrenalectomized animals. However, we show here that cell transplantation experiments, involving the introduction of bovine adrenocortical cells into scid mice, do produce transplant tissues in the presence of the host animals' adrenal glands. However, the tissue that forms is small and its cells also smaller than usual. When the adrenals of such animals are removed in a second surgical procedure, the transplants show a rapid increase in steroidogenic function and a slower increase in size, over several weeks. We conclude that the initial process by which transplanted adrenocortical cells organize into a tissue structure is not affected by the presence of the host animals' adrenal glands, but the growth of the transplants is limited until the adrenal glands are removed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)285-290
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Volume85
Issue number2-5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2003

Keywords

  • Adrenal cortex
  • Proliferation
  • Steroidogenesis
  • Transplantation
  • p21

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Molecular Biology
  • Endocrinology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology

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