Adjuvant radiotherapy for high-risk patients following radical prostatectomy

Gregory P. Swanson, Ian M. Thompson

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

It is well recognized that radiation can eradicate microscopic neoplastic disease. For that reason it is considered standard treatment in most cancers to give post operative radiation not only for patients with microscopically positive margins, but also for other high risk patients. In spite of the widespread use of adjuvant radiotherapy in other cancers, adjuvant post operative radiation has not been routinely or uniformly used in patients after prostatectomy. The reasons for this have included the following: 1) Not all patients with positive margins will fail; 2) A biomarker prostate specific antigen (PSA) exists that can help predict the patient who is at-risk prior to evidence of clinical recurrence; 3) Some tumors that fail locally are biologically aggressive and will invariably fail systemically; 4) There is no assurance that radiation consistently eradicates local disease; 5) Even if local disease is eradicated, distant progression may not be effected; and 6) Potential toxicity may outweigh benefit of adjuvant therapy. These issues have been debated for over 3 decades, but it appears that data are now available to address these questions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)515-519
Number of pages5
JournalUrologic Oncology: Seminars and Original Investigations
Volume25
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2007

Keywords

  • Adjuvant radiation
  • Prostate cancer
  • Radical prostatectomy
  • Salvage

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Urology

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