We performed a retrospective study to evaluate the clinical outcome of patients with early stage testicular seminoma who received adjuvant radiation therapy after orchiectomy over the past 15 years. During the 15 year period, 61 patients were treated with adjuvant radiation therapy for stages I, IIA, and IIB testicular seminoma. Patients received from 2,000 to 4,000 cGy delivered by a Cobalt machine and later by a linear accelerator. Our standard treatment protocol was modified in 13 patients: 7 secondary to abnormal lymphangiography (LAG) parameters and 6 due to abnormal computed tomography findings. We analyzed each patient's outcome for survival, recurrence, and complications. We then compared outcomes, looking for differing trends based on evolving evaluation or treatment techniques. The average follow-up is 75 months, with an overall survival rate of 93%. The cause specific survival is 100%. Four patients died from intercurrent diseases; at time of autopsy, one of these patients was noted to have a small focus of seminoma in a lateral inguinal node. He died from widely disseminated Hodgkin's disease. Three patients, including the aforementioned one, had recurrent disease outside of the radiation field, yielding a recurrence rate of 5%. No significant long term treatment complications were reported, although 24% of patients had one or more complications from LAG. Regardless the various changes in patient evaluation and radiation treatment techniques over the past 15 years, adjuvant radiation therapy remains effective in patients with early stage testicular seminoma.
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