Adhesion of human platelets to purified solid-phase von willebrand factor: Studies of normal and bernard-soulier platelets

John D. Olson, Joel L. Moake, Mark F. Collins, Barbara S. Michael

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Abstract

Human Factor VIII associated von Willebrand factor (VIII:vWF) binds to human platelets in vitro only in the presence of a mediator such as ristocetin, thrombin or ADP. Studies reported here were designed to determine if human platelets will adhere to solid-phase VIII:vWF. Human VIII:vWF was purified from a phosphate precipitate of Al(OH)3 absorbed plasma using 4% agarose and DEAE cellulose. Purified VIII:vWF (90 units of VIII:vWF activity/mg) was coated on dialysis membranes using ultrafiltration (final concentration of 0.4 units/cm2). Membranes (0.5 cm2) were held stationary in human citrated PRP suspension or washed platelet suspensions and stirred continuously for 5 minutes at 37°C. The membranes were then rinsed in phosphate buffered saline, fixed, stained, and examined by light and scanning electron microscopy. Abundant normal platelets adhered to VIII:vWF-coated membranes, while minimal adhesion was seen on uncoated membranes and membranes coated with albumin. Adhesion occurred without ristocetin, thrombin, ADP or other agonist and in the presence of Ca+2/Mg+2 ions. Preincubation of the VIII:vWF coated membranes with monospecific rabbit anti-VIII:vWF inhibited the adhesion reaction. However, preincubation of VIII:vWF coated membranes with naturally occurring human anti-FVIIIc antibodies failed to interfere with platelet adhesion. Platelets from a patient with Bernard-Soulier Syndrome (BSS) which did not bind human VIII:vWF in the presence of ristocetin or aggregate with bovine cryoprecipitate also did not adhere to VIII:vWF-coated membranes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)115-122
Number of pages8
JournalThrombosis Research
Volume32
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 15 1983

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Keywords

  • Bernard-Soulier Syndrome
  • platelet adhesion
  • vWF
  • von Willebrand Factor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology

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