Adherence, fibronectin binding, and induction of cytoskeleton reorganization in cultured human cells by Mycoplasma penetrans

Jorge A. Girón, Monika Lange, Joel B. Baseman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

82 Scopus citations

Abstract

Mycoplasma penetrans adhered to cultured human cells, forming clusters that localized to specific areas of the host cell surface. Adherence and cluster formation were inhibited by anti-M. penetrans antibodies, suggesting the involvement of specific adhesin-receptor interactions. Ultrastructural studies showed that after 2 h of infection, mycoplasmas attach to and penetrate the host cell surface. M. penetrans bound selectively to immobilized fibronectin, an interaction which was not inhibited by a 70-kDa fragment containing a heparin-gelatin-binding domain of fibronectin, other matrix glycoproteins, or an RGD tripeptide, suggesting the recognition of other specific binding sites on the fibronectin molecule. A ca. 65-kDa fibronectin-binding protein of M. penetrans was eluted following Sepharose- fibronectin affinity chromatography. Confocal, light, and immunofluorescence microscopy demonstrated that the interaction of M. penetrans with target cells triggers a signal that causes recruitment of several cytoskeletal components, including tubulin and α-actinin, and aggregation of phosphorylated proteins. Detergent-soluble mycoplasma proteins with apparent molecular masses of 18, 28, 32, 36, 39, and 41 kDa selectively bound to glutaraldehyde-fixed HEp-2 cells. Our findings offer new insights into understanding the interaction of this human mycoplasma with host target cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)197-208
Number of pages12
JournalInfection and immunity
Volume64
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1996

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Parasitology
  • Microbiology
  • Immunology
  • Infectious Diseases

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